TimeLine of the Franco-Prussian War

 

 

 

 

1870

 

July

July 2 the Spanish informed the French ambassador They accept Prince Leopold for the Spanish throne

July 12 Gramont demands Prussia must renounce the offer

July 13  Bismark sends out edited Ems dispatch

July 15 German crown Prince read the mobilization order

July 19 France Declares War

July 20 Austria declares neutrality

July 28 Napoleon III leaves Paris for Metz and assumed command of the newly titled Army of the Rhine

 

 

 

August

August 2 August 3, some 320,000 German soldiers were now massed near the French border

August 2 General Frossard's II Corps and Marshal Bazaine's III Corps crossed the German border

August 4 Battle of Wissembourg

August 5 Battle of Spicheren

German victory, French to withdraw to the defenses of Metz

 

August 6 Battle of Wœrth French army broke off the battle and retreated in a western direction, first major battle

 

August 16 Battle of Mars-la-Tour

 

August 18 Battle of Gravelotte

 

 

September

September 1 Battle of Sedan

September  2 Napoleon III surrenders self and 104,000  soldiers of the Army of Châlons

September 3 – October 23 Siege of Metz

September 4 coup d'état against Napoleon III, Third Republic proclaimed

September 6 Jules Favre declares France would not "yield an inch of its territory nor a stone of its fortresses" The republic then renewed the declaration of war, called for recruits in all parts of the country, and pledges to drive the enemy troops out of France.

Sept 19 - Jan 1871 Siege of Paris begins

 

 

 

October

Oct 7 Léon Gambetta escapes Paris in a hot air balloon

five new French armies totaling more than 500,000 troops are recruited

Oct 23 End of the Siege of Metz

 

 

November

Nov 9 French victory at Coulmiers

 

 

December

Dec 4 French defeat at Le Mans

 

1871

 

January

Jan 6 bombardment of Paris begins

Jan 18 German Empire declared

Jan 19 Battle of Buzenval

Jan 24 Jules Favre goes to Versailles to discuss peace terms with Bismarck

Jan 25 President Jules Trochu resigns

Jan 28 New president Jules Favre signs armistice with the Prussians

 

Feb

Feb 6 Gambetta stepped down and surrendered control of the provincial armies to the Government of National Defence, which promptly ordered a ceasefire across France

Feb 17 German victory parade in Paris

 

 

March

March 18- May 28 Paris Commune

 

 

 

 

 

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